Palm Shell is a potential new energy source in the world
The increasing demand for world energy and the depletion of conventional fossil-based energy supplies has awakened the global community to make energy consumption savings as much as possible. Besides requiring a long time to regenerate, fossil energy sources also produce environmental pollutants resulting from conventional energy conversion processes into mechanical energy, generally through the combustion process. One solution is to utilize other alternative energy sources as a substitute fuel that is environmentally friendly, effective, efficient, and sustainable (renewable resources), for example utilizing palm kernel shells, which are solid waste in the palm oil industry.
We need biofuels – a renewable alternative energy source made from palm oil. What are biofuels? Biofuels in general fuel from biomass (material derived from plants and animals). As boiler fuel, palm kernel shells produce steam that can drive turbine engines and operate all types of steam-based engines. The firing pressure generated from the palm shell has a maximum heat power level and is greater than other boiler fuel sources.
Benefits of Palm Shell
Palm Kernel Shell, often called palm kernel, is the hard part of the oil palm fruit that protects the contents or kernels of the palm fruit. For the palm oil processing industry itself, palm kernel shells are an added value to them. Palm shells. In fact, in addition to being used as an ingredient for making oil, the shell also has tremendous utility. What are the specifications for the content of Palm kernel shells so that they have a more beneficial status than others?
Palm Shell Content Specifications
Not to forget, another important thing that you should know is related to the content contained in the oil palm shell or shell. Where this shell has elements that are completely different from other fruit shells. Mainly with ordinary coconut in general. As for some of the elements that are the typical ingredients of the Palm kernel shell, they will be described as follows :
1. Water content
By containing moisture in the analysis of 8-11% (Air Dried Basis), at least the Palm shell is very suitable for use as fuel. Because, basically, the intensity of the water content in something decreases, it makes it easy to burn. In addition, this moisture content condition also determines the quality (durability and strength).
2. Ash content
It has a low ash content, which is around 2-3%, making it very suitable to replace coal. By using palm kernel shells as charcoal fuel, at least it is very helpful in preserving limited natural resources. In addition, using this Palm Oil shell empowers the stock of resources that are easily renewable.
3. Evaporation Level
The intensity of the level of evaporation is quite high, (volatile matter), which is around 69-70%. If so, this means that using Palm kernel shells will be much more friendly to the surrounding environment. This is because the palm kernel shell contains relatively low carbon-sulfur substances, thus reducing air pollution. It’s different when you use coal or natural resource fuels which will create high pollution.
4. Activated Carbon
In addition, palm oil shells also contain fixed carbon content of approximately 20-22%. Basically, Activated Carbon, which comes from the production waste of this oil palm shell variety, can be used for CO2 absorption and for biogas purification. This Activated Carbon actually has a micropore size that helps to absorb gas properly.
Using the Gas Sorption Analyzer (GSA) measurement shows that the Activated Carbon contained in the Palm Oil has the following chemical activation. The absorption of CO2 is approximately 6.1%. The detectable intensity of CH4 levels was 65.5%.
Meanwhile, in the calculation of commercial activated carbon, the CO2 absorption capacity is 12.9%. And the quantity of CH4 levels is approximately 70.5% measurable. The difference is very significant in the measurement of CH4 gas between commercial Activated Carbon adsorbents using Palm kernel shells. When referring to the valid and official GSA results and gas measurements. So Activated Carbon sourced from Palm Oil has a great potential as an adsorbent which is determined by the CH content.
Activated Carbon itself is a material made from coconut shell charcoal which is burned through high-intensity temperatures up to be turned into charcoal. Through the results of this combustion, activated carbon will be found directly. One of the vital media that is usually used to purify water.
Palm Kernel Shell is a new source of energy
Palm kernel shell is a bioenergy source that has a high calorific value (4200 Kcal / Kg) and has a very low sulfur content. In addition to reducing carbon emissions, the use of palm kernel shells as fuel is considered more profitable. There is no need to doubt the availability of palm kernel shells, considering that the area of oil palm plantations in Indonesia is still very large.
Various scientific studies have proven the benefits of palm kernel shells as an alternative fuel that is environmentally friendly and economical. In comparison, to produce 10 MW of electrical energy, the costs incurred for purchasing palm kernel shells are only around Rp. 762 thousand. Meanwhile, using coal will cost around IDR 1.4 million, meanwhile using diesel will cost around IDR 2.9 million.
The Palm Shell Export Market Is Still Wide Open
As the demand for palm kernel shells increases, PT. Bionergy Indonesia took this business opportunity as one of its superior commodities by cooperating with several palm oil mills both in Sumatra and Kalimantan as suppliers. The commodity is also exploring export markets, especially to Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, China, and several European countries, which have a strong commitment to the use of environmentally friendly energy (green energy).
Currently, the price of export quality palm shells is around the US $ 80-90 per tonne of FOB or US $ 110-120 per tonne of CIF. Data released by the Indonesian Palm Kernel Shell Entrepreneurs Association (APCASI) shows that shell production in Indonesia is not less than 8 million tons per year. Of this amount, the new export quantity is around 1.5 million tons per year with a total export value reaching more than Rp. 2 trillion.
The export demand for palm kernel shells continues to increase from year to year, especially to developed industrial countries, especially Japan. Since the explosion of the Fukushima nuclear power plant due to the earthquake and tsunami in 2011, the demand for palm kernel shells to Japan has increased by 40%. Even Japan has signed a work contract with Indonesia to supply palm kernel shells for the next 10 years.
Bionergy – Supplier of the Best Palm Kernel Shell & Wood Pellets
We are the best supplier of palm shells and wood pellets in Indonesia. Connected with dozens of certified palm oil processing plants and wood pellet processing plants, we supply many industrial needs in Thailand, Korea, Japan, and abroad.
We accept supplies of palm kernel shells to be cleaned and dried according to the set standards. Every day, hundreds of tonnes of PKS enter and leave to be shipped to clients from all over the archipelago. We only guarantee the best quality with the best processing for you, our best buyer.
We guarantee the best quality
We have carefully selected and screened palm kernel shells and wood pellets from verified suppliers. So we only provide the best palm shells and wood pellets from Indonesia
Supply & Fixed Contract
We can supply a fixed amount each month – on a contract basis to ensure the supply of your biomass needs
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